Total knee replacement is a procedure to replace the damaged knee joint surface with an artificial (prosthetic) knee joint. The purpose of this surgery is to reduce knee pain and improve knee function. The prosthetic knee joint (prosthesis) may be made of metal, plastic, or ceramic. It replaces surfaces of the thigh bone (femur), lower leg bone (tibia), and kneecap (patella).
Doctors recommend joint replacement surgery when knee pain and loss of function become severe and when conservative treatments no longer relieve pain. Your doctor will use X-rays to look at the bones and cartilage and determine appropriate treatment.
Your new knee will give you freedom to move in ways you haven’t for a long time. Getting the new knee to work well for you will involve more than just surgery. Our experience shows that two other factors will make a big difference:
What to expect prior to surgery, the journey through the hospital, and plans for when you go home.